Model peningkatan kapabilitas inovasi nasional

Gunadi, Ahmad Dading (2018) Model peningkatan kapabilitas inovasi nasional. Doctoral thesis, Institut Pertanian Bogor.

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Abstract

Indonesia urgently needs to have a comprehensive model of Indonesia national innovation capability to become a reference in determining policies to enhance national innovation capability. The national innovation capability enhancement will be the success key for the country in the future. The purpose of this study is to design a simulation model that can represent related stakeholder behavior in national innovation capability enhancement. Interaction among stakeholders in the model of the Indonesia national innovation capability is very dynamic and complex. Thus, the use of dynamic system methodology in this study is very appropriate. Dynamic systems are able to analyze a system dynamically and change over time. Output indicators used to measure the increase in the Indonesia national innovation capability is the number of publications, number of patents, and the value of exports of high technology products. The input data is used as the baseline is data in 2011. These data are as follows: Government Research and Development (R&D) funding IDR 3,104 billion, the number of publications 1,281, the number of patent 533, and high-tech exports product USD 5,728 million. The model is determined to run for 20 times. At the end point the number of publications becomes 245.131, the number of patents becomes 82,429, and exports of high technology products USD 71.901 million. Then the model is performed by six simulation scenarios. Government R & D funding extra increase of 5% in the first scenario is very influential on the increase in all of the output of innovation, especially high-tech product exports increased by 92%. Then in the second scenario, the increase in the level of collaboration of 30% showed a large increase in the export of high-tech products by 32%. The increase in the level of competency of researchers by 30% in the third scenario shows an increase in innovation output, but smaller than changes in the increase in the level of collaboration. It is different when the two input variables are raised simultaneously in the fourth scenario, where all innovation output increases sharply, especially in the export of high-tech products. Meanwhile, an additional increase in industrial R & D of 5% in the fifth scenario resulted in an increase in exports of high-tech products by 32%. The increase in innovation output is even greater in the sixth scenario, that is, by making changes to all input variables, namely the increase in Government and Industry R & D funds by 5%, collaboration rates by 30%, researchers' competency by 30%. The resulting innovation output is the number of scientific publications increasing by 175%, 182% of patent applications, and 246% of high technology product exports. This study is limited to the input variables which include research and development funds of the Government and industry, the level of collaboration between researchers and the level of competence of the researchers. The implication of the policy is that the Government must commit to continue to increase R & D funding to R & D institutions, universities, as well as to the industry. With the limited availability of Government R & D funds, the Government can optimize efforts to encourage continued collaboration between researchers or stakeholders. The interaction between stakeholders is very influential in accelerating national innovation capabilities. In addition, improving the competence of researchers is also very important to improve the ability of researchers to conduct research and development. To develop the model further, further studies need to be done, namely: (a) the addition of input variables in addition to the rate of increase of R & D funding, the level of collaboration and the level of competence of researchers; (b) the magnitude of the impact of innovation output, for example on increasing the number of innovation products and technology-based startup companies; and (c) high-risk funding schemes for technology-based start-ups.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Uncontrolled Keywords: kapabilitas inovasi nasional, kolaborasi sistem dinamik, stakeholder collaboration dynamic system, national innovation capability, stakeholder
Subjects: Manajemen Agribisnis
Depositing User: SB-IPB Library
Date Deposited: 11 Dec 2019 04:17
Last Modified: 11 Dec 2019 06:42
URI: http://repository.sb.ipb.ac.id/id/eprint/3450

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