Rancang bangun alih teknologi lembaga penelitian pemerintah

Maludin, Syafrizal (2019) Rancang bangun alih teknologi lembaga penelitian pemerintah. Doctoral thesis, Institut Pertanian Bogor.

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Abstract

Utilization of intermediate technology contributes significantly to national competitiveness. Agencies, in this basic cycle, are technology producer, technology user, and household or industrial user. The connection between actors and stakeholders of technology transfer process which moves from internal and external parties and vice-versa, are essential in achieving sustainable technology transfer process. This purpose of this study was to evaluate existing status and expectation from expertise which leads to the design of strategy of technology transfer that meets stakeholder’s requirement. The scope of this research is limited to public sector technology transfer which occurred in the private sector, societies or individuals. Creating technology-based new-business is viewed from the perspective of a public institution as technology provider. As such the involvement of private sector in the system, is viewed as consumers of public-technology-provider. This research utilized Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP, Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) and Strategy Factor Analysis Summary (SFAS). Strategic choice in technology transfer system is built up through AHP. This approach is a top-down that flow from policy-maker and science-authorities to technology-user. It is an inductive analysis which analyses the statement, responds and opinion of experts to the ideal condition of technology transfer. It was followed by SFAS approach which emphasize on technology transfer process in bio-refinery. This deductive approach pertains the measurement in technology transfer in the level individual actor. Factor strategies in this approach utilize the similar measurement to Bayes Probability. Both tools are bonded in SEM. All variables in which measured in tools are derived from technology transfer taxonomy and literature study. By employing AHP that include three hierarchy, this research shows conditional state in strengthening technology transfer system as increasing of patent registered (0.34898), market creation (0.31237), providing jobs (0.319329), increasing eco-product and achieving efficiency in the manufacturing process (0.07165). In the Lower structure shows the role of research and development division under technical ministerial (0.24890), government-funded research institutes (0.21343), University (0.19519), technology service of non-government organization (0.12290), research and development division in the firm (0.11801), and foreign actors (0.10158). Both structures lead to alternatives decision for setting up technology business incubator and science & Technology Park (050414), establishing a representative office in foreign country (0.24344), strengthening existing public research institutes (0.16648), and increasing budget allocation for research and development (0.8594). Measuring external and internal factor of technology transfer was conducted to validate the first method by utilizing strategic factor analysis summary (SFAS) in bio-refinery utilization. Strength factor of transferring technology in this field are the availability of material resources (0.1325) and incremental market potential (0.1025). On the other side, the weaknesses factors are lack coordination between related government bodies (0.11375) and rejection to cooperate from industries (0.1000). The opportunities factor in developing this technology are relating to geostrategy of Indonesia (0.1062) and growing global interest to Asia market (0.0987) while threats factor was less unstable of economic and politic environment (0.1225) as well as lack of power in science authority (0.3648). The nature and significance of relation between both latent variable and observed variable is measured by utilizing PLS-SEM. Competitiveness based technology transfer which is influenced positively and significantly by Government (3.679), Related and Supporting Industries (2.244), Factor Conditions (2.108). Three variables that influence positively to technology transfer besed competitiveness are Factor Conditions (1.744), Firm Strategy, Structure and Rivalry (0.318), Chance (0.095). Output from three analyses respectively are utilized in crafting architectural strategy of technology transfer. The main fragment of this structure is taken from the S-Curve technology transfer process equipped by additional feedback loop which indicate technology transfer as two-way communication. The above and below the timeline is externalization and internalization of technology transfer process. The S-curve intersects the horizon in three point and four phase of technology transfer process. The intersection represents idea development, prototyping and product commercialization. Four phase this process are technology producers, technology consumers, product producers and product consumers. These phases equipped by the information of actors, It equipped with actors, cash flow, source of funding and environment as the essential elements of technology transfer.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Uncontrolled Keywords: alih teknologi, analytical hierarchy process, inovasi teknologi, kurva-S, rancang bangun, partial least square-structural equation modeling, strategic factor analysis summary, taksonomi alih teknologi analytical hierarchy process, partial least square-structural equation modeling, innovation technology, strategic architecture, strategic factor analysis summary, technology transfer, technology transfer taxonomy
Subjects: Manajemen Agribisnis
Depositing User: SB-IPB Library
Date Deposited: 11 Dec 2019 08:01
Last Modified: 11 Dec 2019 08:01
URI: http://repository.sb.ipb.ac.id/id/eprint/3456

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