Strategi Pengembangan Kompetensi Tenaga Kerja Industri Lulusan Sekolah Kejuruan

Sutrizona, Fandrika (2020) Strategi Pengembangan Kompetensi Tenaga Kerja Industri Lulusan Sekolah Kejuruan. Masters thesis, IPB University.

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Official URL: https://sb.ipb.ac.id

Abstract

Indonesia has a demographic advantage where the number of productive age population is 67.53% or 201.185 million people. The number of labor force in Indonesia reaches 135.85 million people with an unemployment rate of above 5% each year. Of the total unemployment rate, vocational school graduates made a large contribution to the unemployment percentage of 10.42% (the Central Bureau of Statistics, 2019). Unemployment is caused by a lack of link and match between vocational schools and industry which causes a gap between vocational and industrial school graduates. Some of the causes of the gap are that the curriculum used is still oriented towards the number of graduates produced, the number of productive teachers is only 22% of the total requirement of 60%, practical learning patterns are only 40% of the 70% needs, most vocational schools do not have minimum standard equipment, and competencies teachers are still lagging behind the needs of industry (Industrial Human Resource Development Agency, 2019). To follow up on the gap problem, it is necessary to take concrete steps by stakeholders in order to reduce unemployment and support the growth of the industry in the country. This study aims to analyze the condition of the gap between vocational schools and industry so that the skills competencies needed by the industry can be identified. In addition, it can be taken into consideration for the government as the manager of national education in identifying the main factors causing problems in the competence of vocational school graduates. By identifying the main factors of these problems, stakeholders can formulate strategies for developing competency of vocational school graduates in facing the world of work. Data collection methods used in research are through in-depth interviews and surveys. The data analysis method used is AHP to determine priority weights. The results showed that three main factors influence vocational school graduates, namely competency infrastructure, competency-based education, and industrial needs. Actors who play a role in competency development are vocational schools, central government, local governments, and industry. The objectives that must be carried out by actors are the development of competency standards, improvement of practicum facilities and infrastructure, skill competencies, and increasing the role of industry in vocational education. The strategies that will be carried out by the actors to achieve the main target are the alignment of the curriculum, syllabus, and modules according to industry needs, meeting the needs of productive teachers and utilizing silver experts, fulfilling the needs for practicum infrastructure, organizing internship for students and industrial apprenticeships for teachers, providing incentives for the industry that carries out coaching and development of vocational schools and certification of student competencies. Based on the results of the AHP factor weighting, infrastructure has the highest weight and becomes the first priority including curriculum, practicum facilities and infrastructure, skill competence, and competency of teaching staff. In its implementation, the actors who play a role in developing the competence of industrial workers for vocational school graduates in priority order are vocational schools, industry, local government, and the central government. Each actor has a role in the goal of achieving strategic goals. The objectives to be achieved by the actors in the sequence are the development of competency standards, improvement of practicum facilities and infrastructure, adjustment of skill competencies, and increasing the role of industry in vocational education. To achieve the main target, namely the development of the competence of industrial workforce graduates of vocational schools in sequence, namely by aligning the curriculum, syllabus, and modules according to industry needs, meeting the nee

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords: AHP, kompetensi, link and match, sekolah kejuruan, tenaga kerja AHP, competence, labor, link and match, vocational schools.
Subjects: Manajemen Sumber Daya Manusia
Depositing User: SB-IPB Library
Date Deposited: 14 Jan 2022 03:29
Last Modified: 14 Jan 2022 03:29
URI: http://repository.sb.ipb.ac.id/id/eprint/3770

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