Strategi transformasi sistem manajemen riset Perguruan tinggi indonesia menuju World Class university

Sukmawati, Yuli (2021) Strategi transformasi sistem manajemen riset Perguruan tinggi indonesia menuju World Class university. Masters thesis, IPB University.

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Official URL: https://sb.ipb.ac.id

Abstract

The rankings help maintain a reputation. Higher education institutions (HEI) are constantly evaluating and updating their policies and strategies to maintain their competitive position. Research management system is important to HEI ranking systems. Research performance is evaluated by measuring outcomes of publications, citations, and recognition within the academic community. Management research is affected by the enabler factors transformation. The quality of research in Indonesian universities is still low, and new initiatives must be established. In Indonesia, the research budget is low, there is little applied and innovative research, low collaboration between sectors, minimal partnerships between universities, and there tend to be more theory than practice. This research aimed to identify and map the performance of higher education research in Indonesia in global competition, identify enabling factors and formulate strategies for an effective transformation of the HEI towards World Class University (WCU) status. The research was conducted in five stages; namely, 1) mapping the research performance of universities in Indonesia; 2) identify enabling factors; 3) determining enabling factors, 4) formulating a strategy; and 5) managerial implications of the implementation of transformation strategies research management at IPB towards WCU status. This investigation involved exploratory research with descriptive and quantitative analysis. Types of data can be different, depending on content. Primary data were obtained from a Google Form questionnaire distributed to 246 respondents to lecturers at Indonesian Universities by purposive sampling and the results of in-depth interviews with 16 lecturers of IPB. The information obtained from the literature review, literature study, document review, and web searches. In order to improve the research performance of PTN-bh-WCU, a comparison of research management performance was carried out using secondary data of the University of Malaya (UM) the National University of Singapore (NUS), and the Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM). Analysis of the data for comparison of research mapping, Biplot analysis and fishbone diagram was performed. Three HEI in Indonesia, namely PTN-bh-WCU, PTN-bh, and PTN Non-bh, produced various research outputs and outcomes, with PTN-bh-WCU producing the highest number of publications and citations. Despite all that, it is still relatively lower compared with NUS, UPM, and UM. Higher education institutions in Indonesia have generally performed well, but expectations are still high. Identifying the enabling factors was based on comparing the faculties based on the answers to the questionnaires. There are three broad categories of the HEI research management: essential, important and useful. The results show that research infrastructure is the essential enabling factor for all research institutions to produce high-quality research. Research budgets, research human resources, insentives, academic culture and systems and management research have been identified as important enabling factors transformation. Academic collaboration and leadership have been identified as useful enabling factors for the transformation of research management. Biplot analysis emphasize research infrastructure as essential enabler for all HEIs. Biplot also shows the important enabler that specifically influenced research productivity in PTN Non-bh (research human resources, academic collaboration), PTN-bh (research funding, insentive), PTN-bh WCU (academic culture, system and management research). The strategic study of the transformation of IPB towards WCU status through SWOT analysis, divided into S-O strategies (increasing research and publication performance; increasing innovation and expanding cooperation with industry), WO strategies (increasing the quality and capacity of research infrastructure; optimizing the use of research resources, and facilitation to get incentives for research and publications that have an impact on a national and international scale), S-T strategy (increasing efficiency and resource sharing, and sharpening research focus supported by a reliable research information system) and W-T strategy (optimization of resources, and training research human resources and strengthening research management information systems). The priority of the transformation strategy at IPB was 1) improvement of research infrastructure (laboratories, libraries, and information technology), 2) improvement of research funding, publication incentives and remuneration, 3) increase of research human resources, 4) improvement of research quality, 5) improvement of research systems and information management, and 6) increase of academic collaboration. Transformation strategies research management system that generally apply to Indonesian HEI toward WCU status include applying 1) increased research infrastructure, 2) increasing research and publication funding, and 3) increasing academic collaborations through research collaborations with strategic partners. The change in the “PTN Non-bh” organization towards PTN-bh is a change in development that requires large-scale research establishment in laboratory facilities, information technology facilities, and library. Transitional changes from PTN-bh to PTN-bh-WCU require an increase in research budgets, international publication funding with high impact factors, improvements to research infrastructure, and addition of more incentives for researchers. Meanwhile, to establish top university status globally will require better academic culture, system, and management research.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords: sistem manajemen riset, prasyarat, transformasi, world class university,perguruan tinggi, SWOT research management system, enabler factors, transformation, world class university, Higher Education Institution’s
Subjects: Manajemen Strategi
Depositing User: SB-IPB Library
Date Deposited: 27 Jan 2022 08:10
Last Modified: 27 Jan 2022 08:10
URI: http://repository.sb.ipb.ac.id/id/eprint/3783

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